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                Physics > Biological Physics

                Title: Entropy-driven cell-decision making predicts fluid-to-solid transition in multicellular systems

                Abstract: Cellular decision making allows cells to assume functionally different phenotypes in response to microenvironmental cues, without genetic change. It is an open question, how individual cell decisions influence the dynamics at the tissue level. Here, we study spatio-temporal pattern formation in a population of cells exhibiting phenotypic plasticity, which is a paradigm of cell decision making. We focus on the migration/resting and the migration/proliferation plasticity which underly the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the go or grow dichotomy. We assume that cells change their phenotype in order to minimize their microenvironmental entropy (LEUP: Least microEnvironmental Uncertainty Principle) and study the impact of the LEUP-driven migration/resting and migration/proliferation plasticity on the corresponding multicellular spatio-temporal dynamics with a stochastic cell-based mathematical model for the spatio-temporal dynamics of the cell phenotypes. In the case of the go or rest plasticity, a corresponding mean-field approximation allows to identify a bistable switching mechanism between a diffusive (fluid) and an epithelial (solid) tissue phase which depends on the sensitivity of the phenotypes to the environment. For the go or grow plasticity, we show the possibility of Turing pattern formation for the "solid" tissue phase and its relation with the parameters of the LEUP-driven cell decisions.
                Subjects: Biological Physics (physics.bio-ph); Cell Behavior (q-bio.CB)
                Cite as: arXiv:2005.02849 [physics.bio-ph]
                  (or arXiv:2005.02849v1 [physics.bio-ph] for this version)

                Submission history

                From: Arnab Barua [view email]
                [v1] Wed, 6 May 2020 14:22:14 GMT (3016kb,D)
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